Honorable Bikram Pandey
Mohan Krishna Sapkota
Since Nepal is an agricultural country, common people of the country have excessive reliance on land. All developmental efforts made for the overall development including social and economic changes, land or land resource is to be directly or indirectly mobilized, and without its appropriate management, building of a prosperous nation can never be imagined. On the other hand, paying attention on sensitivity of common people’s integration with land, it will be the nation’s main responsibility to establish good governance by upgrading judicial access, feeling of security of land ownership, and effectiveness in service effluence. If land resource is imbalanced and uncontrolled due to the lack of timely and appropriate management of changes caused by the consumption of land to fulfill increasing human needs along with the continuous increment in population, beginning of environmental imbalance, decrease in land productivity, and lastly, a situation, in which next generation will not be able to supply inevitable entities-lodging, fooding, clothing-to sustain their life, will be created. In addition to this, productivity is decreasing because of the flight of young manpower to foreign countries, and by dividing cultivable land into pieces and preserving them for building site, the land will be left uncultivated; lack of irrigation and maximum plotting system are also the causes of it. Similarly, maximum profit from land could not be achieved due to unplanned settlement and uncontrolled urbanization. Though majority of people’s life style, even today, is based on agriculture, it has been a challenge for food security and ownership on land. Thus, to follow necessary methods for eradication of all these challenges appeared at present and to gain maximum profit permanently by utilizing land and land resource on time, reformed land policy has been necessary. By classifying land on the basis of utility and appropriateness, and if possible by adopting policy for utilizing land accordingly, maximum benefit from land resource can be achieved.
In 2021 B. S. a ministry of land reform was set up with 3 directorates: (I) the directorate of land reform, (ii) the directorate of cooperatives and (iii) the directorate of Cadastral survey. In 2022 B. S. the ministry was enlarged to include three more directorates: (IV) The directorate of food, (v) the directorate of agriculture, and (VI) the directorate of Land Administration. In 2027 B.S. . It was split up into two ministries: (i) the ministry of Food and Agriculture which regrouped the directorates of Food and Agriculture, and (ii) the ministry of Panchayat, Home and Land Reform which regrouped the other Directorates. Within the latter Ministry, the Land Reform and Land Administration Directorates are more directly responsible for the implementation of the Act 2021 B.S. Since 2043 B.S., the ministry has been recognized as ministry of Land Reform and Management.
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